There are many diseases in the world that have no cure. Victims of diseases like Aids cant be saved. However, nowadays cures are being found. As technology is progressing so is medical science. Epidermolysis Bullosa and Athletes Foot both are skin diseases. One is dangerous while the other has no more dangerous effects on health.
Epidermolysis Bullosa and Athletes Foot Skin diseases:
It has happened for the first time. An international team of medical researchers has found a cure. They successfully treated patients with a rare skin disease,
This disease is known as Epidermolysis Bullosa. They treated them by using bone marrow stem cells. So far 10 children have been treated. Sadly, two of them died due to related complications.
The Medical Researchers
The researchers are Drs John E Wagner and Jakub Tolar. They are from the University of Minnesota Medical School. It also included colleagues in the UK and Japan.
They have all collectively written about the research. The paper was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. It was released on the 12th of August.
This is a rare genetic skin disease. The slightest friction causes the skin to blister and scrapes off in patients. This disease also affects the lining of the mouth and the esophagus.
Epidermolysis Bullosa varies widely in severity and form. The most severe form can be lethal. Patients will be in constant pain and scarring. They often die young.
The National Epidermolysis Registry has made an estimate. They state that the disease occurs in 20 newborns per 1 million births. This estimate is based on the United States.
The exact number of people with this disease is uncertain. About 25,000-50,000 people are suffering from the simple form. A minority does, however, suffer from severe forms like Recessive Dystrophic EB.
The severe form of this disease is very problematic. As a child, the patient will scream at bath-times. They will never play or jump. Even while learning to crawl the infant will bleed.
The children’s fingers must be wrapped with Vaseline gauze. Then add more gauze. This is to prevent their hands from scarring and contracting.
Many teenagers with severe form have stumped for hands. This is because their fingers have scarred and healed together. Some who live till their 20s-30s get skin cancer.
This disease is quite problematic. Certain countries have even considered euthanasia. They administer it to newborns who are suffering the severe forms.
This was the first successful study that used bone marrow cells. They were able to change the natural course of the disease. This was a relief for patients.
Patients suffering from this disease are deficient in collagen. The researchers found that stem cells were useful here. The cells travel to the injured skin. This results in increased production of collagen.
Tolar, the researcher, did say that the transplant is risky. However, it is also a successful procedure. And previously patients had no cure, whatsoever.
The researchers started working on this study in 2007. Since then 10 children have undergone bone marrow transplants. Some have responded better than others.
The researchers stressed looking at the results in context. The disease is very horrible. So this discovery is quite amazing when looked at.
The researchers describe their treatment of 7 children in the paper. This was between October 2007 and August 2009. They were treated with “immunomyeloablative chemotherapy and allogeneic stem-cell transplantation.”
The results reported that one patient died of cardiomyopathy. Another had “severe regimen-related coetaneous toxicity.” The remaining ones had improved healing and reduced blister formation.
One other patient died after 183 days of transplantation. the cause was due to graft rejection and infection. The remaining five were alive 799 days after transplantation.
While concluding they state that further studies need to be conducted. The long-term risk of the therapy needs assessment. Both Wagner and Tolar are keeping a check on the remaining five children.
Epidermolysis Bullosa and Athletes Foot Skin diseases:
There are diseases regarding feet. Some diseases are serious but some are not so serious they become better with the passage of time. Some are caused by some sort of allergies or fungal infections. The athlete’s foot is commonly known as foot ringworm or pedis. It is a very common fungus that grows between the toes and results in skin itchy, sore, cracking, and peeling. Its name shows that it only occurs in the feet. It is curable but very difficult to clear it completely. Mainly athletes are affected by this fungal disease that why named athlete’s foot.
Symptoms and causes of this Fungus problem:
Athlete’s foot is a very common problem and its symptoms are
- skin itchy,
- Peeling of the skin.
In reality, it is that common that 99 percent of the world population suffer from this problem once in their lives.
Causes of Athlete’s foot
- This problem is very common in athletes because they use such areas where fungi grow well like; damp warm areas, lockers rooms, etc.
- It is caused by fungi attacks and this fungus commonly affects the last or middle toe webs. In research, it is found that this fungus grows in dark, moisture, and a place where there is no ventilation. This problem is very rare in those people who normally go barefoot.
- Some people have a view that this fungus mostly grows in swimming places or shower rooms and such places are seriously contaminated but in fact, it is not possible to get this infection just walking barefoot until the condition or environment is not provided.
Problems arise due to this disease
- Athlete foot can be spread to the sole and can be more harmful if the patient scratches the infected area and then touches the other parts of the body. This infection can also spread to other parts of the body especially under the arms through bed sheets and clothes.
- Sometimes the itching is so severe that the person becomes so hectic and irritated.
- All the rashes are not athlete’s foot, and using prescriptions without any diagnosis can affect the rash and can make it more worst. There is a special test called KOH. This test determines and helps the dermatologist in diagnosing the problem and infection.
- The patient should not ignore such a serious infection and is supposed to use antifungal sprays or creams and on the doctor’s prescription may use an oral antifungal drug.
Preventions of Athlete’s foot
Well, preventions are better than cures. So good personal hygiene is very important and simple daily cleanliness is very essential to be prevented this fungal disease. Try to wear washed socks every day. Doctors recommend preventions are; wash your feet regularly and make them dry by using a clean towel. Try to wear open and ventilated shoes and if there is a need to wear socks, you should wear dry and natural material-made socks.
If the condition has become so severe then don’t waste your time go to a doctor for a proper checkup