Asthma Diagnosis and How to Treat Asthma Attack?

Asthma Diagnosis and Attacks

Asthma Diagnosis:

In order to determine if the patient has asthma, the doctor will perform a test known as the “pulmonary function test” which will be based on the symptoms of the patient’s health history.

A special instrument known as the spirometer will be used to measure the air inhaled and exhaled and this will determine several conditions.

  1. Vital Capacity (VC), is the maximum volume of air that is inhaled/exhaled by the patient.
  2. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), is the maximum flow rate measured when exhalation is forced.
  3. Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) is the maximum volume of air expired in 1 second.

 

These measurements would fall below normal rates if there is a certain obstruction in the breathing airways. The following strategies would be adopted by the doctor according to the results.

  1. The first step is to instruct the patient to inhale a bronchodilator. This is a special drug that is used in asthma to open air passages. After this, the test is conducted again and if results are normal then it indicates that the drug has cleared away the airways and therefore asthma is suspected.
  2. In case the results do not show any airway obstruction, but there are still chances of asthma, then the doctor prescribes a drug, known as histamine or the methacholine that has the potential to increase airway resistance, in asthma patients.

Allergy Suspected

To determine if allergies are the cause of asthma, there will be a blood and skin test conducted. A drug usually histamine or methacholine will be used for this purpose.

You may also have to go through a blood count test, along with chest, and sinus x-rays and possible computed tomography CT scans for the diagnosis of asthma.

 

Asthma Attack:

Asthma Attack is treated with a strong combination of medications and proper management. There are many reasons for the asthma attacks like smoke, dust, or fragrances sometimes also become the cause of attacks for the patients. Here are some conditions that you have to understand while treating asthma.

  • Try to avoid allergies leading to asthma-like smoke, dust, pollens, etc.
  • keep your inhaler in your pockets
  • Proper drug treatments to be administered.
  • The family of the patient should monitor and take care of the patient while under treatment.
  • The doctor and patient need to have a regular meet-up and maintain good communication.
  • Proper treatment of asthma in all environments.

Asthama

Asthma is also treated depending upon the severity of the conditions. Intermittent, mild persistent, moderate persistent, and severe persistent. Along with that children, age groupings are also taken into consideration, which is divided into three categories, 4 years, 5 – 11 years, and 12 years and above.

Medications for Asthma attack

There are two categories for asthma medications.

 Rescue (Quick-Relief) Medications:

The sole purpose of these medications is to open the airways and give quick relief to any form of an asthma attack, ranging from mild to severe. The medications falling in this category are not used to treat the disease itself, but rather to prevent the symptoms from striking the patient. In this case, patients have to keep their inhaler Pump in their pockets all the time. They should know the right way to use their inhaler.

Long Term Control Medications

These medications are used to minimize long-term damage and to reduce the presence of exacerbations while enhancing breathing potential in asthma patients.

When it comes to treating asthma, patients have to understand that it is a long-term process and though the disease itself is not treated, the symptoms and other sources leading to an attack are well prevented with the medications. However, medications alone are not sufficient, as the patient also needs to learn how to manage their condition in accordance with the environment and other social factors.

child asthama

 

How To Manage An Asthma Attack In A Child?

Asthma attacks create the fear of death in children and this keeps them in a sorrowful emotional state. Children are very to have control on their attacks or tackle them properly. hence they need someone all the time to look after them. Breathing is extremely difficult and anxiety/nervousness/fear/emotionally disturbed makes it worse. Hence it is important that the caregiver must remain calm, and then help the child to stay calm. Here are some common tips caregivers must know.

  1. Help the child to sit comfortably bending forward with eyes closed.
  2. Place the child’s hand over the navel and encourage the child to inhale in air, instead of exhaling.
  3. Gently massage the child on the chest and help him to relax and breathe properly.
  4. A warm bowl of soup should be given to lose up mucus. Avoid giving anything cold.
  5. Avoid giving the child too much water.

When dealing with an asthmatic child, the caregiver must be trained with basic emergency strategies.

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